Frog Lake Massacre

Frog Lake Massacre

Although it was not a military engagement, the incident known as the Frog Lake Massacre proved to be one of the most influential events associated with the NORTH WEST RESSISTANCE.

In the past, the Frog Lake killings were often viewed as a random, vengeful act, but the context is more complex. As history buffswill know, Big Bear, chief of the Plains cree in the region, band camped near the Frog Lake settlement in the spring of 1885. Big Bear sought improved conditions for Treaty Indians through peaceful means and unity among the tribes. However, the food shortage that followed the virtual extinction of the buffalo left his people near starvation and weakened his authority. Disaffection focused upon Thomas Quinn, an Indian agent who treated the Cree with harshness and arrogance.