ᐧᐋᒋᔦ - wâciyê

About FROG LAKE

Rich in history, lakes and nature, located northeast of the Hamlet of Heinsburg, Frog Lake is the place to be. From exciting new business opportunities to breathtaking scenery, Frog Lake has it.

ᐙᒋᔮ ᑕᓂᓯ

A letter From Our Chief

"We Are Determined To Do Good Things And Committed To Achieve Results For The Frog Lake First Nation."

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FROG LAKE HISTORY

Although it was not a military engagement, the incident known as the Frog Lake Massacre proved to be one of the most influential events associated with the NORTH WEST RESSISTANCE.

The Frog Lake Massacre was part of the Cree uprising during the North-West Rebellion in western Canada. Led by Wandering Spirit, young Cree men attacked officials, clergy and settlers in the small settlement of Frog Lake in the District of Saskatchewan in the Northwest Territories[1] on 2 April 1885. Nine settlers were murdered in the incident.

Rising tensions

The events at Frog Lake occurred during a time of heightened tension between Prairie First Nations and the Government of Canada. The Plains Cree were faced with severe food shortages due to the sharp decline in bison herds and the government’s decision to withhold rations that had been promised in Treaty 6.

The understanding of what happened at Frog Lake, near the provincial border with present-day Saskatchewan, has changed dramatically since 1885.

More recent research and insights from oral histories have shown that Canada’s First Nations policies contributed to the tragedy at Frog Lake, further illuminating the complexity of the Plains Cree peoples’ situation and their efforts to maintain peace.

Chief Big Bear tried to improve conditions for his people, making formal pleas to the federal government about unfulfilled terms of land and Treaty 6 rights that were agreed upon in 1879.

ct-chief-big-bear-frog-lake

Cree trading at Ft. Pitt 1884, Big Bear 5th from the left.

Learn About Frog Lakes Chief's & History

History is full of loaded words and victor’s language. For instance, one version of events says the warriors “proceeded to plunder the contents of the store … and looted another one.” It’s true they tore apart the premises, says University of Alberta historian James Dempsey, but they were starving and looking for food. Their actions were hardly senseless vandalism.

Cree women hid a Hudson’s Bay clerk to save him and when Big Bear returned, he took other settlers as hostages — or rather he took them under his protection, as other accounts will tell.

As the situation grew more desperate, Big Bear started to lose control over his band and a breakaway group of warriors led by Wandering Spirit marched to Frog Lake to demand food.

The tensions boiled over into violence and an attack on the settlement that left nine people dead. Six Plains Cree individuals were eventually tried and hanged as a result at the North West Mounted Police post at Battleford, Saskatchewan in November 1885.

Loses

The rapid and confusing series of events resulted in 9 fatalities, 3 seized hostages, and structures in the small community - comprised of a Roman Catholic mission, a Hudson’s Bay trading post, and federal government agencies - torched to the ground.

Nine months later, six Cree men, including Wandering Spirit, were convicted of murder and hanged at Fort Battleford in Canada’s largest public hanging. The massacre prompted the Canadian government to take notice of the growing unrest in Western Canada. The rebellion was put down. Wandering Spirit and five other warriors responsible for the Frog Lake Massacre, were convicted and hanged. The warriors hanged were: Wandering Spirit, Round the Sky, Bad Arrow, Miserable Man, Iron Body, Little Bear, Crooked Leg and Man Without Blood. Although Big Bear had opposed the attack[2] he was charged with treason because of his efforts to organize resistance among the Cree. He was convicted and sentenced to three years in Stony Mountain prison.[3]

The headstone marking the mass grave of the eight executed Indigenous men.

Reviewing this history will raise sensitive issues. But it’s an important task, and paves the way for better understanding of the present.

This write up was based on Wikipedia and John Chaput’s writing on this part of our history

Get Involved In Your  Community

There’s always something fun to do in Frog Lake! Community spirit is alive and well here, with a wide variety of friendly clubs, teams and hobby groups to join.

Chief & Council, They’re Here To Serve You...

History has played a significant role in Frog Lake's community

Please note that this list below was received by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada – some Cree names may be misspelled.

1878–1888

Chief Puskeeahkayweein
Cllr. Moostahtuck

November

1887

Chief Puskeeahkayweein
Cllr. Oowwusk

July 9

1918

Chief Napayo
Cllr. Musinkusquapew

July 7

1927

Chief Napayo
Cllr. Neepawquatow

July 22  to July 29, 1952

1949-1952

Chief Napayo
Cllr. Neepawquatow

July 22  to July 29, 1952

1957

Chief Alex Waskahat
Cllr. Fred Fiddler
Cllr. Peter Horse
Cllr. Peter Stanley

October 27

1959

Chief Alex Waskahat (resigned)

July 13

1965

Chief Fred Horse
Cllr. Helen Marie Cross
Cllr. Joe Cross
Cllr. Margaret Quinney
Cllr. Thomas Quinney
Cllr. William Singer

April 20

1971

Chief Sam Waskahat (resigned)

May 25

1973

Chief Lawrence Quinney
Cllr. Andrew Abraham
Cllr. Solomon Delver
Cllr. George Fryingpan Jr.
Cllr. Raymond Quinney
Cllr. John Cross
Cllr. Lloyd Quinney

April 24

1977

Cllr. Moise Paul (resigned)

April 24

1979

Cllr. John Cross (resigned)

March 18

1981

Cllr. Dewey Dion

September 7

1983

Chief Raymond Quinney
Cllr. Thomas Abraham
Cllr. Fred Fiddler
Cllr. William Berland
Cllr. George Fryingpan
Cllr. Oliver Moyah
Cllr. Francis Quinney
Cllr. Larry Quinney
Cllr. Roland Quinney
Cllr. Annie Stanley

March 23

1987

Chief Elmer T. Abraham
Cllr. George Fryingpan
Cllr. Larry Quinney
Cllr. John Moocheweines
Cllr. Annie Stanley
Cllr. Francis Berland
Cllr. Thomas Abraham
Cllr. Thomas Moyah
Cllr. Charlie Quinney
Cllr. Wilfred Cross
Cllr. Dewey Dion
Cllr. Derek Quinney

April 24 to April 24, 1995

1993-1995

Chief Elmer T. Abraham
Cllr. George Fryingpan
Cllr. Larry Quinney
Cllr. John Moocheweines
Cllr. Annie Stanley
Cllr. Francis Berland
Cllr. Thomas Abraham
Cllr. Thomas Moyah
Cllr. Charlie Quinney
Cllr. Wilfred Cross
Cllr. Dewey Dion
Cllr. Derek Quinney

April 2003 to April 2005

2003-2005

Chief Roland Quinney
Cllr. Elmer Thomas Abraham
Cllr. Angelique Berland
Cllr. George Fryingpan Jr.
Cllr. Wayne Faithful
Cllr. Joseph Moyah
Cllr. Clifford Stanley

August 3

1881

Chief Puskeeahkayweein
Cllr. Moostahtuck
Cllr. Oowwusk

November

1888

Chief Napayo

July 8

1919

Chief Napayo
Cllr. Musinkusquapew
Coucillor Napwain

July 5  to July 7, 1930

1928-1930

Chief John Horse
Cllr. Musinkusquapew
Cllr. Neepawquatow

July 10

1953

Chief John Horse
Cllr. Musinkusquapew
Cllr. Neepawquatow

April 3

1959

Chief Alex Waskahat (resigned)

February 4

1960

Cllr. Peter Stanley (resigned)

April 11

1967

Chief Alex Waskahat
Cllr. Andrew Abraham
Cllr. Phileon Stanley
Cllr. Edward Fryingpan
Cllr. Gabriel Fiddler
Cllr. Arthur Stanley

April 19

1972

Cllr. Peter Horse (resigned)

April 24

1975

Cllr. Solomon Delver (resigned)

October 18

1977

Cllr. Sam Waskahat

April 3

1980

Cllr. Sam Waskahat

September 3

1981

Chief Raymond Quinney (re-elected)

April 10

1985

Chief Thomas Abraham

April 10

1989

Cllr. Sam Waskahat

April 3

1991

Chief Elmer T. Abraham
Cllr. Elmer Thomas Abraham
Cllr. Karen Abraham
Cllr. Angelique Berland
Cllr. Clifford Cross
Cllr. Dewey Dion
Cllr. Wilson Faithful
Cllr. George Fryingpan
Cllr. Joseph Moyah
Cllr. Brenda Quinney
Cllr. Norman C. Quinney
Cllr. Susan Quinney
Cllr. Annie Stanley

April 3

1991

Cllr. Elmer Thomas Abraham (resigned)

April 24 to April 23, 1995

1995-1997

Chief Elmer T. Abraham
Cllr. Karen Abraham
Cllr. Angelique Berland
Cllr. Clayton Cross
Cllr. Clifford Cross
Cllr. George Fryingpan
Cllr. Roland Quinney

April 2005 to April 2007

2005-2007

Chief George Stanley
Cllr. Clifford Cross
Cllr. Wayne Faithful
Cllr. Lorraine Moyah
Cllr. Terry Moyah
Cllr. Clifford Stanley
Cllr. Rose Irene Stanley

October 5

1882 to 1885

Chief Puskeeahkayweein
Cllr. Oowwusk

July 7

1914

Chief Napayo
Cllr. Musinkusquapew
Cllr. Matusa

July 8  to July 6, 1925

1920-1925

Chief Napayo
Cllr. Musinkusquapew

July 9 to July 11, 1945

1931-1945

Chief John Horse
Cllr. Neepawquatow

July 5

1954

Chief Alex Waskahat
Cllr. Thomas Quinney
Cllr. Fred Fiddler

September 1

1959

Chief Fred Horse

April 4

1961

Cllr. Thomas Quinney
Cllr. Thomas Moyah

April 11

1969

Cllr. Gabriel Fiddler (resigned)

May 18

1972

Chief Fred Fiddler

April 13

1975

Cllr. Sam Waskahat

November 22

1977

Cllr. Thomas Abraham
(resigned)

May 1

1980

Chief Sam Waskahat
Cllr. Elmer Thomas Abraham
Cllr. Francis Berland
Cllr. Solomon Delver
Cllr. Edward Fryingpan
Cllr. Joe Moyah
Cllr. Peter Waskahat
Cllr. Sam Waskahat

October 19

1983

Chief Raymond Quinney (election set aside)

September 16

1987

Chief Thomas Abraham (resigned)

Chief Raymond Quinney (resigned)

September 29

1989

Chief Elmer T. Abraham
Cllr. Karen Abraham
Cllr. Clifford Cross
Cllr. George Fryingpan Jr.
Cllr. John Moocheweines
Cllr. Joseph Moyah
Cllr. Derek Quinney
Cllr. Larry Quinney
Cllr. Norman C. Quinney
Cllr. Roland Quinney
Cllr. Charlie Singer
Cllr. Annie Stanley
Cllr. Elliot Stanley

March 31

1993

Cllr. Roland Quinney

April 23 to April 23, 2001

1999-2001

Chief Raymond Quinney
Cllr. Elmer Thomas Abraham
Cllr. Angelique Berland
Cllr. Gabriel Dion
Cllr. Joseph Moyah
Cllr. Roland Quinney
Cllr. Lorraine Moyah
Cllr. Mark Stanley

December

1886

Chief Puskeeahkayweein
Cllr. Oowwusk

July 6 to July 10, 1917

1915 -1917

Chief Napayo
Cllr. Musinkusquapew

July 8

1926

Chief Napayo
Cllr. Neepawquatow

July 10  to July 24, 1948

1946-1948

Chief John Horse
Cllr. Pierre Moyah
Cllr. Phileon Stanley

June 27

1955

Chief Phileon Stanley
Cllr. Thomas Moyah
Cllr. Thomas Quinney
Cllr. J.B. Stanley

October 15

1959

Chief Alex Waskahat
Cllr. Alex Moyah
Cllr. Thomas Quinney

June

1965

Chief J.B. Stanley

May 25

1969

Chief Sam Waskahat
Cllr. Thomas Abraham
Cllr. Peter Horse
Cllr. William Singer
Cllr. Arthur Stanley
Cllr. Peter Stanley
Cllr. Peter Waskahat

May 25

1972

Chief Sam Waskahat
Cllr. William Singer
Cllr. John Cross
Cllr. Moise Paul
Cllr. Thomas Quinney
Cllr. Annie Stanley
Cllr. Peter Waskahat

October 30

1975

Chief Fred Fiddler
Cllr. Thomas Abraham
Cllr. John Cross
Cllr. Moise Paul
Cllr. Raymond Quinney
Cllr. Thomas Quinney
Cllr. Annie Stanley
Cllr. Peter Waskahat

October 30

1978

Chief Sam Waskahat
Cllr. Solomon Delver
Cllr. Alez Waskahat
Cllr. Elmer T. Abraham
Cllr. Edward Fryingpan
Cllr. Thomas Moyah
Cllr. Francis Berland
Cllr. John Cross

March 18

1981

Cllr. Sam Waskahat (resigned)

August 28

1987

Chief Raymond Quinney
Cllr. Clifford Cross
Cllr. Larry Quinney
Cllr. Fred Fiddler
Cllr. Roland Quinney
Cllr. George Fryingpan
Cllr. Annie Stanley
Cllr. Joe Moyah
Cllr. Elmer Thomas Abraham
Cllr. Francis Quinney
Cllr. Clarence Faithful
Cllr. John Moocheweinies

April 27

1993

Chief Elmer T. Abraham
Cllr. Clifford Cross
Cllr. Dewey Dion
Cllr. George Fryingpan
Cllr. Karen Abraham
Cllr. Joseph Moyah
Cllr. Norman C. Quinney
Cllr. Roland Quinney
Cllr. Annie Stanley
Cllr. Angelique Berland
Cllr. Wilson Faithful
Cllr. Brenda Quinney
Cllr. Susan Quinney

April to April , 2003

2001-2003

Chief Raymond Quinney
Cllr. Elmer Thomas Abraham
Cllr. Angelique Berland
Cllr. Gabriel Dion
Cllr. Joseph Moyah
Cllr. Roland Quinney
Cllr. Annie Stanley

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